Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-12-0003PresentationPoster

ATTENTION TO THE INDIAN OCEAN: CAN WE ASSESS THE LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM CHANGES IN THE INDIAN OCEAN WITHOUT DATA MINING IN RUSSIAN AND OTHER NOT ENGLISH LANGUAGES?

Nickolai V. Shadrin*1, Olga A. Akimova1, Sergey M. Ignatyev1

1 Institute of Marine Biological Research, Russia

ABSTRACT :

Why we need to spend more attention to the Indian Ocean (IO)? 1. IO is increasingly important in modulating global climate variability. It was found that the enhanced heat uptake by the Pacific Ocean has been compensated by an increased heat transport from the Pacific Ocean to IO, and IO heat content has increased abruptly, which accounts for more than 70% of the global ocean heat gain in the upper 700 m during the past decade. This inevitably results in changes all patterns and processes in the ocean, but we are still far to qualitatively assess these changes. We may assume that IO is the most quickly changing ocean, including in biota. 2. Biotic structure of the ocean is very unique, but poor studied yet. To assess the current changes we need to know past biotic composition and processes. USSR organized a lot of research cruises in 1950-1990. The Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas in Sevastopol (now Institute of Marine Biological research) was a leader in this, and organized more 15 expeditions to study the ocean. In those cruises studied not only abiotic and biotic patterns, but also ecosystem functioning and dynamics. A lot of papers and monographs was published in Russian, they are a source of information on the ocean ecosystem states in 1960-1990, but they are used very rare now. Most part of them presents in http://repository.ibss.org.ua/dspace/ To assess current changes in the ocean we need a program to make old published data mining in all languages, at first in Russian.