Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-10-0022PresentationOral

LOSS AND DAMAGE IN THE CONTEXT OF EXTREME EVENTS: INSIGHTS FROM CYCLONE-AFFECTED COMMUNITIES IN COASTAL BANGLADESH

Md Shamsuddoha*1, M Mahmudul Islam 2, Muhammed Atikul Haque1, Muhammed Forruq Rahman1

1 Center for Participatory Research and Development , Bangladesh
2 Sylhet Agricultural University , Bangladesh

ABSTRACT :

Loss and damage associated with the adverse impacts of climate change is not an apprehension for the future, it has become a reality for the countries that are exposed to unprecedented extreme weather and climatic events. This paper investigates how communities in Bangladesh experienced loss and damage from Cycone Sidr, an extreme event that hit Bangladesh in 2007. Result shows that many of the cyclone affected households suffered extensive loss and damage through losing livelihoods, homes and productive assets. The Cyclone caused long-term implications on food security as rice harvests significantly decreased, fisheries were greatly affected and freshwater supplies diminished in the wake of increased salinity. Such a situation led to significant displacement from the cyclone affected areas. The Cyclone affected communities adopted a variety of coping strategies, some of which led them to be worse off than before. For instance, children in some households were taken out of school so that they could contribute to income generating activities and help to sustain the livelihood of their families, an erosive coping strategy that could cause an intergenerational transfer of poverty and vulnerability. Though the post cyclone humanitarian support was instrumental for immediate survival of the affected communities but most they were short-term. Long-term efforts for addressing prolong residual impacts of extreme events receive less attention, while they causes similar negative impacts to the well-being of affected communities.