Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-06-0015PresentationOral

MONSOON TELECONNECTION WITH PRECIPITATION OVER IRAN AND ITS VARIABILITY

Dr. Mahboubeh Molavi-Arabshahi*1

1 Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Scien, Iran

ABSTRACT :

It has been known for thousands of years, that climatic variations can influence health, particularly through changes in temperature and precipitation, as well as extreme weather events. The potential range of climate impacts on health issues is wide and they have been reviewed extensively (IPCC, 2007b). For example, Floods and droughts, together with less extreme changes in precipitation, can have important implications for a range of water-related diseases, as well as impacting health through the effects of increases in malnutrition and consequent reductions in immunity to disease. among others. A large proportion of the world's population is currently experiencing water stress and rising water demands (Vörösmarty et al. 2000). Further, the impacts of climate change are likely to affect population distribution and mobility, key responses to environmental pressures that are a central element of strategies of adaptation to climate change (Tacoli 2009). Like many semi-arid countries of the world, Iran¿s socio-economy is very sensitive to hydro-climatic changes. With the current trend in the climate change in Iran (Rahimzadeh et al. 2009; Modarres et al 2007), the country faces with many environmental crises such as the desiccation of wetlands, intensified dust storms, decrease of agricultural production, desertification, health issues etc. Abbaspour et al. 2009; Parry et al 2004). Thus, any investigation that helps to understand the current and future hydrological changes in the country are of crucial importance for decision-makers in this country.