Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-03-0067PresentationPoster

PREVALENCE OF CERTAIN HUMAN PATHOGENIC BACTERIA DURING 2002-2012 ALONG THE INDIAN COASTS

Teja Dalvi*1, Stecy Elvira D┐Souza1, Durbar Ray1, S. Sundaramoorthy2, Anirudh Ram Jaiswal3, Akshita Nadkarni1, S. N.Gajbhiye3, Analia Mesquita1, N. Ramaiah1

1 CSIR NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY, GOA, INDIA
2 NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEAN TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU, INDIA
3 CSIR NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY, REGIONAL CENTRE, MUMBAI, INDIA

ABSTRACT :

: Industrialization, general lack of awareness of environmental protection and a huge rate of human population growth rate and settlement along the coastal area are causing serious and deleterious adverse impacts on coastal water quality. Releasing of water and other effluent waste into the rivers that drain into the seas has resulted in degrading the quality of coastal waters. Due to this waste disposal, there is an increase in nutrient inputs that among other possibilities favour the growth and widespread occurrence of human pathogenic bacteria that ultimately pose great health risk to the coastal communities. This presentation is on an analysis of data from hotspot locations along the east and west coasts of India during 2002-2012 covering pre-monsoon (February to May), monsoon (June to September) and post-monsoon (October to January) seasons data on human pathogenic bacteria populations such as Vibrio cholerae (VC), Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP), Salmonella (SA), Shigella (SH) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) quantified by following standard microbiological methods were used. Invariably, there was one or more of these populations in all the seven locations sampled. Also, an undeclining trend could be seen in many of these bacterial types at different locations along the Indian coasts. Impact of such prevalence on both seawater quality and human health are the focus of this presentation. Our analysis warrants keeping serious vigilance on coastal environmental quality for safeguarding it from microbiological quality angle.