Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-02-0004PresentationOral

ZOOPLANKTON RESEARCH IN THE SOUTH-WEST INDIAN OCEAN-PROGRESS SINCE THE IIOE

Jenny Ann Huggett*1

1 Department of Environmental Affairs: Oceans and Coasts, South Africa

ABSTRACT :

Highlights of zooplankton research conducted on continental shelves and in open ocean regions of the SWIO since the IIOE (1959-1965) are presented. With limited regional ocean-going capacity, research beyond the coastal zone was reliant on participation of international partners and availability of vessels. Early examples include environmental and fisheries surveys over the Mozambique shelf in 1977/78 and 1980 with Norwegian and German vessels, respectively. Subsequent initiatives led by the United Kingdom investigated plankton over the Mascarene Plateau (Shoals of Capricorn/Darwin Initiative, 2000-2003), culminating in the first guide to zooplankton from the SWIO, and upwelling off south-east Madagascar (┐Mad-Ex┐, 2005). South African-led cruises from 2002 onwards to explore potential coelacanth habitats along the east African coast (African Coelacanth Ecosystem Programme, ACEP) paved the way to ecosystem-based research, with focused studies on the Delagoa Bight off Maputo (2004-2006), around Pemba and Zanzibar islands (Tanzania, 2007), on mesoscale eddies in the Mozambique Channel (2007-2013), and on the KwaZulu-Natal Bight (South Africa, 2010). The Agulhas & Somali Currents Large Marine Ecosystems (ASCLME) project culminated in a series of regional cruises on the Dr Fridtjof Nansen (2008-2010), including surveys on the continental shelves and beyond off Mozambique, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Seychelles, South Africa, and on mesoscale eddies and seamounts in the greater SWIO. Further eddy studies in the Mozambique Channel were conducted jointly with France (MESOBIO, 2009-2010). Finally