Summary of Abstract Submission

Abstract Submission No. IO50-01-0001PresentationOral

SOME LESSONS FROM INTERNATIONAL INDIAN OCEAN EXPEDITION (IIOE)

K V K Nair*1

1 Formerly Head, OSTI, National Institute of Ocean Technology, India

ABSTRACT :

International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIOE) (1959-`965) was an attempt to fill a major gap in our understanding of the Indian Ocean. Marine Fisheries was the only area in which as a country we have had significant presence in 1959. IIOE was considered a stepping stone to significant professional training to our scientists. Although, INS KISTNA had done several cruises in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal and collected a volume of oceanographic data this could not be used to a great extent, because of the poor quality of the data. This should be considered as the first lesson from IIOE experience. Professionalism is the key for progress in all areas of scientific endeavor. Inter-disciplinary character is basic to marine sciences. One of the definitions of Marine Sciences itself is that it is the ┐science that is done at sea┐. Similarly, rigorous on-board training should precede any oceanographic venture. Although, now we have excellent platforms, by way of research ships, oceanographic gear and data buoys, many a time man power inadequacy stands in the way of our making an impression on the world of oceanography. The basic inter-disciplinary nature of marine science may have helped a Scientist like Rachel Carson to launch the entire environmental movement on the planet, with the release of her epoch making book ┐The Silent spring┐. We as a country is facing a major crisis in the area of environment in terms of polluted cities, polluted rivers and other water bodies. Similarly, we also face a major threat of climate change and sea level rise, which may lead to submergence of several coastal areas as well as other adverse consequences. Marine science, with inter-disciplinary strengths and professionalism can contribute enormously in prevention and mitigation of the consequences of environmental degradation and climate change in the days ahead.